Gonorrhea︱Gonorrhea Symptoms (male and female)
Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by gonococcal infection that can affect the reproductive system, mouth, throat, eyes, and rectal mucosa. Gonorrhea is mainly transmitted through oral, anal, or vaginal sex. According to the latest information from the Department of Health, 1,555 gonorrhea cases were reported in 2019, compared to 1,583 in 2020. Men have about seven times as many reported cases of gonorrhea as women.
Many people will not show any symptoms after being infected with gonococcus, and the symptoms of gonorrhea infection and non-gonococcal infection are very similar. There are two main symptoms of gonorrhea infection:
|Yellow-green or white discharge||Burning when urinating|
Especially the symptoms of yellow and green discharge are very likely to have been infected by gonococcus.
As it is quite common for asymptomatic gonorrhea infection, (around 10% Men, 80% Women), if you suspect after sex exposure or experience any symptoms of gonorrhea, you should get gonorrhea tested and treated for gonorrhea immediately.
Gonorrhea symptoms in Men
Symptoms of gonorrhoea in men can include:
- Painful urination.
- Yellow, green or white discharge from the penis.1
- inflammation (swelling) of the foreskin.
- pain or tenderness in the testicles – this is rare.
Gonorrhea symptoms in Women
Symptoms of gonorrhoea in Women can include:
- Painful urination
- Increased discharge from the vagina
- Abnormal bleeding between periods.2
Gonorrhea Symptoms of Rectal/Anal Infection
- pain in the rectum or anus
- abnormal discharge from the rectum or anus
- pain during bowel movement
- bleeding from the rectum or anus.3
Gonorrhea Symptoms of Oral Infection
- sore throat4
1. (REF. Ref. Harrison WO, Hooper MR, Wiesner PJ et al. A trial of minocycline given after exposure to prevent gonorrhea. N Engl J Med, 300(19), 1074–1078 (1979).
2. (REF. Platt R, Rice PA, McCormack WM. Risk of acquiring gonorrhea and prevalence of abnormal adnexal findings among women recently exposed to gonorrhea. JAMA, 250(23), 3205–3209 (1983)
3. (REF. Rectal Gonorrhea in Men: Diagnosis and Treatment. Denis 1980).
4. (REF. The treatment of pharyngeal gonorrhoea with a single oral dose of cefixime. Young, 2007)